Balsamic Roast Chicken

1 cup balsamic vinegar 

1⁄2 cup broth or water

3 cloves garlic, diced 

3 basil leaves, chopped

1 bay leaf

2 pounds boneless,
skinless chicken

1 teaspoon sea salt 

1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper 

2 tablespoons olive oil

In a large glass bowl, combine the vinegar, water, garlic, basil and bay leaf. Mix well. Add the chicken and coat with the mixture. Refrigerate and marinate for at least 1 hour or overnight.

Remove the chicken from the bowl and place on paper towels. Reserve the marinade. Place the chicken on paper towels and sprinkle with salt and pepper.

Place the oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Sauté the chicken until browned on all sides. Add the reserved marinade to the skillet and bring to a boil. Lower the heat to a simmer, cover and let cook about 30 minutes, turning the chicken occasionally. Add water a little at time if necessary to keep the liquid from drying out. 

When the chicken is done, remove from the skillet onto a platter. Remove bay leaf from the remaining sauce in the pan and serve sauce with the chicken, if desired.  

Makes 6 servings.

Clams with Garlic and Wine

6 pounds clams

1⁄4 cup olive oil

4 cloves garlic, minced

1⁄4 cup chopped fresh parsley

1 pinch red chile flakes

2 cups dry white wine

Crusty bread

Soak the clams in cold water for 30 minutes. Clean off any beards. Discard any with cracked shells. 

In a large skillet, combine olive oil, garlic, parsley and red chile flakes. Cook on medium heat for 4 minutes. Add clams and wine. Cover and cook about 5 minutes or until clams begin to open. Discard any that do not open. Transfer clams to serving bowls and ladle in pan juices. Serve with crusty bread.

Makes 6 to 8 servings.

Classic Cannoli

1 (15-oz.) container whole-milk ricotta cheese

1⁄2 cup mascarpone cheese

1⁄3 cup orange marmalade

2⁄3 cup confectioners’ sugar

Pinch of salt

8 large cannoli shells

In the bowl of an electric mixer (or another large bowl), combine the ricotta, mascarpone and orange marmalade. Beat with the wire whip attachment (or regular beaters) until smooth, about 1 minute. Slowly add the sugar and salt and beat until combined. Fill a pastry bag fitted with a large plain tip with the cheese mixture. Pipe the mixture, working from both ends, to fill each cannoli shell. Serve immediately or refrigerate until serving time.

Makes 6 servings.

– Adapted from a recipe from Rocco’s 5 Minute Flavors (Simon and Schuster, 2006).

POACHED PEARS

1⁄2 bottle sweet white wine
(like Riesling)

1 cup water

1⁄4 cup fresh lemon juice

1 cup sugar

1⁄4 teaspoon cinnamon

4 firm, ripe Anjou pears, cored and cut in half

3 ounces gorgonzola cheese

4 teaspoons chopped walnuts

In a large saucepan, bring the wine, water, lemon juice, sugar and cinnamon to a boil. Reduce heat to medium, add the pear halves and simmer for 30 minutes or until pears are tender. Remove the pears and set aside. Continue to simmer the syrup until it thickens.

Place a spoonful of cheese and a half teaspoon of walnuts into the hollowed out part of each pear. Spoon syrup around the pears. Refrigerate until slightly chilled.

Makes 4 servings.

Grilled Salmon

When cooking salmon on a grill, use a fish spatula to turn it, rather than tongs, which could cause the fish to fall apart. If you prefer to not turn the fish, when it is nearly done, place it on the cooler side of the grate, away from the coals, to finish cooking to the desired doneness. 

3 tablespoons butter

1 tablespoon olive oil

3 cloves of garlic, finely chopped

1⁄4 cup chopped parsley

1 1⁄2 pounds of salmon filets, thickly sliced Sea salt and peppercorns, to taste 

Prepare a grill to hot. 

In a pan over medium heat, add the butter, olive oil, garlic and parsley. Stir to combine. Heat until the butter melts. 

Brush the marinade over the salmon. Place the salmon, skin side down, on the grill. Cook 6 to 8 minutes, depending on the thickness of the salmon. Gently turn the salmon over and cook 3 to 5 minutes until the salmon is cooked through. (The salmon will be medium-rare when a thermometer inserted into the thickest portion reads 120°F. Adjust the cooking time to the desired degree of doneness.) 

Remove from the grill. Season with sea salt and peppercorns. Let the salmon rest a few minutes before cutting into strips and serving. 

Makes 4 servings.

Perfect Grilled Eggplant

1 medium eggplant 

Salt 

Olive oil for brushing 

Pepper 

Topping: 

4 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil 

1⁄4 cup chopped fresh parsley 

1⁄4 cup chopped fresh basil 

1 teaspoon fresh lemon juice 

Pinch of salt 

Whole basil leaves for garnish, if desired

Trim the top and bottom off the eggplant. Cut the eggplant into 1/2-inch slices and place in a colander, sprinkling each layer with salt. Drain for about 30 minutes. Rinse and pat dry. 

Position the grill or broiler rack about 5 inches away from the heat source. Brush the eggplant on one side with olive oil and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Place oiled side facing the heat. Cook until golden brown, about 4 to 5 minutes. Brush the other side with oil and turn the eggplant. Cook about 4 to 5 minutes. 

Meanwhile, in a medium bowl, stir together 4 tablespoons olive oil, parsley, basil, lemon juice and salt. 

Arrange the eggplant on a platter and top with the olive oil mixture. Garnish with basil leaves, if desired.

Makes 4 servings.

Sicily

Situated off the “toe of the boot” of Italy, Sicily Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula. It is home to Mount Etna, one the tallest active volcanoes in Europe, and harbors a rich history. 

Because of its location, Sicily has been ruled through the ages by the Greeks, Normans, Carthaginians, Arabs, Spaniards and Romans. The assimilation of these various cultures can be found throughout the fabric of Sicilian life. 

Yet, Sicily has its own character, dialect, and food. Pasta and seafood play big roles in Sicilian dishes with sardines, eggplant, and swordfish figuring prominently in many dishes. Save room for desserts like gelato, cannoli and cassata Siciliana, a sweetened ricotta cheese filled sponge cake soaked with liqueur, coated with green marzipan (almond paste) and dotted with candied fruit on top. 

The capital city, Palermo, features many important buildings from Arab, Spanish and Norman cultures. To see other sites, take the autostrada to the coast where you can then go north to Taormina and access Mount Etna, or south to the Greek ruins of Siracusa and the Baroque town of Noto. 

Sicily offers much to see, do and taste, so make the most of your visit by planning it well. See visitsicily.info/en/, Sicily’s official tourism site or check with the Italian National Tourist Board North America, italiantourism.com.

Grilled Spareribs

2 pounds lean pork spareribs 

1⁄3 cup olive oil 

Juice of 1 lemon 

2 tablespoons tomato paste 

Salt and pepper, to taste 

Freshly minced parsley 

Cut the ribs into four equal sections and place on a large plate; set aside. 

In a small bowl, whisk together olive oil, lemon juice and tomato paste. Coat the ribs with the mixture and season with salt and pepper. Cover and refrigerate for 2 hours. 

When ready to cook the ribs, heat the grill on high. Using a pastry brush, carefully coat the grill with some olive oil. Place the ribs on the grill and turn every 7 to 8 minutes, brushing with the marinade. When the ribs are cooked all the way through, they should be crisp and well done. Remove the ribs from the grill and let sit for 5 to 7 minutes before serving. Brush with extra olive oil and sprinkle with parsley. 

If desired, grill tomatoes, peppers or other vegetables to serve with the ribs.  

Makes 4 servings.

Editors’s note: This is the way you might find ribs cooked in Florence. For your table, it’s okay to add some barbecue sauce if you wish.

Mussels with Garlic and White Wine

6 pounds mussels 

1⁄4 cup olive oil 

4 cloves garlic, minced 

1⁄4 cup chopped fresh parsley 

1 pinch red chile flakes 

2 cups dry white wine 

Crusty bread, if desired

Basil leaves, for garnish, if desired

 Soak the mussels in cold water. Clean off any beards. Discard any with cracked shells. Set aside. 

In a large skillet, combine olive oil, garlic, parsley and red chile flakes. Cook on medium heat for 4 minutes. Add the mussels and wine. Cover and cook about 5 minutes or until the shells begin to open. Discard any that do not open. Transfer the mussels to serving bowls and ladle in the pan juices. 

If desired, serve with crusty bread and garnish with basil leaves.

Makes 8 servings.

Positano

One of the charming villages along the Amalfi Coast, Positano is more than just a destination; it’s an experience. 

The Amalfi Coast stretches for 37 miles along Italy’s Sorrentine Penninsula and is known for its grottos, rugged cliffs and shimmering bays. Positano features all those things. It lies between the glistening waters of the Mediterranean Sea and the peaks of the Lattari Mountains. While the entire Amalfi Coast is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Positano is a must-see stop on your itinerary.

A small village, you can see most of Positano’s main attractions in a day or less. One of the most famous sites is the colorful majolica cupola of the Church of Santa Maria Assunta, which houses the Byzantine Madonna Nera. Next to the church, you can see the recently excavated ruins of a seaside villa with frescos similar to those found in Pompeii. The Roman Archaeological Museum where the villa is located is open year round for guided visits. You can also see three watchtowers that were built along the coast to protect locals from pirates. 

Known as the “Vertical City” because of its colorful structures built into the mountainsides, Positano has appeared in many films including Under the Tuscan Sun, which starred Diane Lane and Sandra Oh, and Only You with Robert Downey, Jr. and Marisa Tomei. John Steinbeck stayed in Positano many times and wrote about his visit for Harper’s Bazaar in 1953. The famous Neapolitan song “Scalinatella” was inspired by the long, narrow staircase in Positano called Via Trara Genonino, which leads from Punta Reginella down to near the Marina Grande beach. 

Positano’s cuisine is rich in fish and seafood, along with many types of fruits and vegetables. Lemons are abundant along the Amalfi Coast, so you’ll find them used in many dishes. Learn more at positano.com. 

Seafood Pasta (Spaghetti di Mare)

1⁄2 pound spaghetti

1⁄3 cup olive oil

4 garlic cloves, diced

1 pinch red pepper flakes

1 can (141⁄2 oz.) whole tomatoes, drained and crushed by hand

1 pinch salt

1⁄2 cup white wine

1⁄2 pound scallops

1⁄2 pound large shrimp, peeled and deveined

8 clams

1⁄4 pound squid

2 tablespoons lemon juice

3 tablespoons butter

1⁄4 cup chopped parsley

Salt and pepper, to taste

Cook past a according to package directions.

Meanwhile, in a large skillet, combine olive oil, garlic and red pepper flakes. Cook on medium for 3 minutes. Add tomatoes, salt and wine. Bring to a boil, then add scallops, shrimp, clams, squid and lemon juice. Reduce heat and simmer for 4 minutes. Add butter and parsley and cook for 2 minutes. Taste for salt and pepper.

Drain cooked pasta and add it to the skillet, stirring well to coat. 

Makes 4 servings.

Note: Some stores now sell premixed frozen seafood that works well with this recipe.

Braised Short Ribs

3 tablespoons olive oil 

2 tablespoons butter 

6 lean short ribs 

Salt and pepper, to taste 

2 tablespoons fresh chopped rosemary 

3 celery stalks, chopped 

2 carrots, peeled and chopped 

2 medium onions, chopped 

3 cups dry red wine 

2 cups beef broth 

1 bay leaf 

1⁄2 cup fresh chopped parsley

 In a large pot, heat the olive oil and butter on high. Salt and pepper the short ribs and add them to the pot. Brown on all sides. Add rosemary, celery, carrots, onions, wine, broth and bay leaf and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to simmer, cover pot and cook for 3 hours. 

When ready to serve, remove the bay leaf, set the beef aside, and purée the vegetables into a sauce. Serve the sauce with the short ribs and a sprinkle of parsley.

Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Ponza

Located about 20 miles south of Cape Circeo in the Tyrrhenian Sea, Ponza is part of the Itlain Pontine Island archipelago. It is also the name of the commune of the island, a part of the province of Latina in the Lazio region. A popular summer retreat for many Italians, some call it “Capri without the tourists,” but offers all the beauty and amenities. Historians say that during the reign of the Roman Empire, nobility built vacation villas on the island. When the empire fell, the island was abandoned. It was eventually repopulated and now has a year round population of about 3,500. That number swells with visitors in the summer as they arrive to enjoy the beaches, hotels, dining spots and natural beauty. In addition to sunbathing, swimming, and scuba diving, visitors can tour Ponza’s shoreline and nearby islands by boat and explore the Grotte di Pilato, a complex network of tunnels dug into Ponza’s cliffs that dates to Roman times. The historic center of Ponza, Centro Storico, features colorful buildings, fresh markets, artisan boutiques, and dining spots, including Acqua Pazza, a Michelin-star restaurant. Visit La Chiesa dei Santi Silverio e Domitilla, a well-known church on the island. To get to Ponza, visitors take a ferry, either from Rome or Naples. For more, see www.visitponza.it/en/

Above: The island of Ponza in the Tyrrhenian Sea. 

Pan Roasted Salmon with Sundried Tomatoes and Pine Nuts

2 6-oz. salmon fillets

2 tablespoons olive oil, divided

Salt and pepper to taste

1⁄3 cup sliced sundried tomatoes, drained 1 shallot, minced

1 garlic clove, minced

1⁄4 cup red wine

2 teaspoons chopped fresh thyme

2 tablespoons pine nuts

Preheat oven to 350°F. In a large oven-proof skillet, heat 1 tablespoon olive oil on stove until oil just begins to smoke. Add salmon and season with salt and pepper. Cook 3 minutes, then remove from heat and cover with a lid. Place in oven and cook about 10 minutes, until skin is very crisp. To make the sauce: Add 1 tablespoon olive oil to a medium skillet. Add tomatoes, garlic and shallot, and cook about 4 minutes on medium heat. Add wine, thyme and pine nuts, stirring to mix well. Cook for 4 to 5 minutes, taste for salt and pepper, and serve with salmon.

Makes 2 servings.

Honey Orange Fruit Salad

1 cup sliced strawberries

1 cup grapes

1 cup sliced kiwifruit

1 cup pitted cherries, halved

1 tablespoon fresh chopped mint

1 medium banana, sliced

1⁄4 cup chopped toasted pecans

2 tablespoons fresh orange juice

1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice

1 tablespoon honey

Mint leaves for garnish

Combine fruit, mint and pecans in a large bowl. Set aside. Whisk together orange juice, lemon juice and honey. Add to fruit and toss well. Garnish with mint leaves.

Makes 6 to 8 servings.

Lemon Cream Tarts with Almonds

Pastry:

32 vanilla wafer cookies

1⁄2 cup toasted almonds, processed to almost powder (or use almond flour)

2 tablespoons melted butter

2 tablespoons water

1 teaspoon almond extract

Filling:

1⁄4 cup cornstarch

1 cup sugar

1⁄3 cup cold water

1 cup hot water

1⁄2 cup lemon juice

1 teaspoon grated lemon rind

2 large egg yolks

2 tablespoons melted butter

Topping:

Fresh raspberries
(and blueberries if desired)

Preheat oven to 425°F.
To make tart crusts: Process wafers until finely ground. Combine with ground almonds in a bowl and slowly mix in butter and water, stirring with a fork to blend well. Stir in almond extract. Lightly spray six tart pans, approximately 3-inches in diameter with removable bottoms, with nonfat cooking spray. Divide dough mixture evenly and press into tart pans. Press dough to edges first, then fill in the bottoms. Place tart pans on baking sheet and bake for 10 minutes. Remove from oven and let cool. To make filling: In a medium saucepan com-bine cornstarch and sugar. Stir in cold water first, then hot water. Cook on medium heat, stirring constantly, until mixture thickens and is clear, about 10 minutes. Remove from heat. Stir in lemon juice and grated lemon rind. Re-turn to heat and cook 2 minutes. Place egg yolks in a bowl and beat slightly. Remove 1/2 cup filling mixture from saucepan and slowly stir into egg yolks. Slowly return egg mixture to saucepan, add butter, and cook for 2 minutes, stirring constantly. Remove from heat, let cool, and pour into tart crusts. Top each tart with fresh berries and serve immediately, or refrigerate filling until ready to serve.

Makes 6 servings.

Spaghetti with Scallops and Shrimp

1⁄2 pound spaghetti

3 tablespoons olive oil

4 cloves garlic, minced

1 can (141/2 oz.) whole tomatoes, drained and chopped

1⁄2 teaspoon coarse salt, plus extra if desired

1⁄4 teaspoon red pepper flakes

1⁄4 teaspoon ground black pepper

1⁄2 cup white wine

1⁄2 pound scallops

1⁄2 pound large shrimp

3 tablespoons butter

2 tablespoons chopped parsley

Cook spaghetti according to package directions. While pasta is cooking, prepare sauce: Heat oil in a large, nonstick skillet. Sauté garlic for 2 minutes. Stir in tomatoes, 1/2 teaspoon salt, red pepper flakes, black pepper and wine. Cook for 5 minutes. Add the scallops, shrimp and butter. Cook over high heat for 3 to 4 minutes. Drain the cooked pasta and add the pasta to the skillet. Toss with sauce. Add the chopped parsley and additional salt, if desired. 

Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Sicilian Swordfish in a Lemon Caper Sauce

4 swordfish steaks, 1/2-inch thick

1⁄2 cup flour

Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper

6 tablespoons olive oil, divided

Juice of 2 lemons

Zest of 1 lemon

1⁄3 cup minced fresh parsley

1⁄4 cup capers, rinsed and drained

In a baking dish, stir together flour, salt and pepper. Pat the fish dry, then lightly coat them with the flour mixture. 

In a large skillet, heat 4 tablespoons of olive oil on medium. When oil is almost smoking, add the fish and cook 3 to 4 minutes per side. Remove the fish and place on warm platter; cover with paper towels.

Quickly discard all the oil in skillet and add remaining 2 tablespoons oil to the skillet. Add the lemon juice, zest, parsley and capers and bring mixture to a boil. Serve sauce with fish.

Makes 4 servings.

Grilled Spareribs

2 pounds lean pork spareribs

1⁄3 cup olive oil

Juice of 1 lemon

2 tablespoons tomato paste

Salt and pepper to taste

Extra olive oil for brushing

Freshly minced parsley

Cut the ribs into 4 equal sections and place on a large plate. In a small bowl, whisk together olive oil, lemon juice and tomato paste. Coat the ribs with the mixture and season with salt and pepper. Cover and refrigerate for 2 hours.

When ready to cook ribs, heat the grill on high. Using a pastry brush, carefully coat the grill with some olive oil. Place the ribs on the grill and turn every 7 to 8 minutes, brushing with the marinade. When ribs are cooked all the way through, they should be crisp and well done. Remove ribs from grill and let sit for 5 to 7 minutes before serving. Brush with extra olive oil and sprinkle with parsley.

Makes 4 servings.

Editor’s note: This is the way you might find ribs cooked in Florence. For your table, it’s OK to add some barbecue sauce if you wish!

Tagliatelle with Ragu

1 pound ground beef 

1 medium onion, chopped 

3 cloves garlic, chopped 

1 medium green bell pepper, diced 

1 (28-oz.) can diced tomatoes

1 (16-oz.) can tomato sauce 

1 (8-oz.) can tomato paste 

1 teaspoon dried oregano 

1 teaspoon dried basil 

1⁄2 teaspoon salt

1⁄2 teaspoon black pepper

1 pound tagliatelle, cooked according to package directions

1⁄2 cup grated Parmesan cheese

In a large skillet or pan, combine the ground beef, onion, garlic, and green pepper. Cook over medium heat, stirring frequently, until the meat is browned and the vegetables are tender. Drain the grease from the pan. 

Stir in the diced tomatoes, tomato sauce, tomato paste and seasonings. Simmer at least 1 hour, stirring occasionally. 

Serve with cooked tagliatelle and grated Parmesan cheese.

Makes 8 servings.

Roasted Sweet Peppers and Tomatoes

1 pound sweet peppers, cleaned, and sliced into lengths

1 pound cherry tomatoes 

1⁄4 cup olive oil

6 whole garlic cloves

Sea salt and freshly ground pepper, to taste

Preheat oven to 400°F. Toss the sweet peppers, tomatoes, olive oil, and garlic cloves in a roasting pan. Add sea salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste. Roast for 30 minutes or until soft and slightly charred.  

Makes 4 to 6 servings.

Roasted Chicken with Herbs and Butter

1 whole chicken, about 31⁄2 to 4 pounds

3 garlic cloves, minced

2 tablespoons chopped fresh rosemary

2 tablespoons chopped fresh sage

2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley

2 tablespoons butter, melted

1 tablespoon olive oil

2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice

1 small lemon, cut in slices

Salt and pepper to taste

Position a rack in center of oven and preheat to 400°F. Place a roasting rack in a roasting pan. Wash chicken and pat dry. Combine garlic, rosemary, sage, parsley, butter, olive oil and lemon juice in a small bowl and whisk to mix well. Place the lemon slices in cavity of chicken and place on rack. Using your hands, rub herb-butter mixture on and under skin. Tuck the wing tips behind the back and tie the legs together with kitchen string. Sprinkle with salt and pepper.Roast the chicken for 30 minutes. Remove and baste with accumulated juices. Roast for another 20 minutes. Chicken is done when the thickest part of the thigh is 175°F. If chicken is not browned to your satisfaction, increase heat to 450°F for another 10 to 15 minutes. Transfer chicken to platter and cover loosely with foil for 10 minutes before serving. 

Makes 6 servings.

Turin

The capital of Piedmont in northern Italy, Turin sits on the western bank of the Po River, below the Susa Valley, and is surrounded by the western Alps and Superga Hill, which is known for the Basilica of Superga and its royal crypt, the traditional burial place of members of the House of Savoy.

Turin, which hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics, is a classic blend of rich history and modern achievements. Many of its public squares, castles, gardens and elegant buildings reflect the city’s Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture. 

The Mole Antonelliana, above, is one example. This iconic symbol of Turin dominates the city’s skyline. Built between 1863 and 1889, it is home to the National Museum of Cinema (Museo Nazionale del Cinema). 

While the city’s past is impressive, it has also staked out an important business claim in modern Italy. With Milan and Genoa, it is part of the “industrial triangle and is highly ranked for its economic strength. It is home to Italian car makers Fiat, Lancia and Alfa Romeo. 

While exploring Turin, sample the many culinary offerings available. Pasta, braised meats, stuffed zucchini flowers, and fritto misto are just a few. Piedmont produces some of the best wines in Italy – Barolo, Barbaresco, and Barbera, among others. Be sure to include a glass with your meal. See turismotorino.org to learn more about Turin. 

Photo: 

Night panorama with Mole Antonellina and the Alps in the background. 

Photo by Marco Saracco

Rock Star Chef

Once criticized for turning Italian cuisine on its head, Modena’s Massimo Bottura is now considered one of the world’s greatest chefs. Energetic and creative, the pioneer of modern Italian cuisine constantly thinks about new ways to present the country’s best ingredients. His restaurant, Osteria Francescana, which he opened in Modena in 1995, has earned three Michelin stars and has previously ranked number one on the World’s 50 Best Restaurants list, sponsored by S. Pellegrino and Acqua Panna. Bottura has written five cookbooks and has been featured on Netflix’s “Chef’s Table” and CBS’s “60 Minutes.” But he has also put his talent to use for those less fortunate. Through Food for Soul, the foundation he and his wife, Lara formed, Bottura works with other chefs and charities to combat food waste and serves the underprivileged in cities such as Paris. Learn more about him and see some of his recipes in the Spring issue of TOI.

expert notes

Wilma Van Grinsven-Padberg grew up cooking with butter, not olive oil. But in 2007, she and her business partners took over the Oil & Vinegar brand and “a world opened up for me,” she says in her book, The Olive Oil Masterclass: Lessons from a Professional Olive Oil Sommelier (Lanoo Publishers). 

She became responsible for all the purchasing of the Oil & Vinegar brand. Learning as much as she could became a goal, so she turned to Italy and the National Organization of Olive Oil Tasters (ONAOO), established by the Union of Italian Chambers of Commerce. She later became an olive oil sommelier after attending a course at the Culinary Centre in New York and wanted to share what she’s learned with chefs and home cooks alike. 

Her book includes a history of olive oil, as well as tips for choosing the best 

In addition to the history of olive oil, Van Grinsven-Padberg explores the making of olive oil, and includes a chapter on how to recognize good olive oil. 

“You first judge from the smell. A good olive oil smells fruity,” she says. Then, taste the oil. It should taste fatty, but should not leave a fatty aftertaste in the mouth, she says, an important detail regardless of how you’re using this culinary gem.